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Facts, Figures and Dates

History

1194 First documentary evidence of Baierrute by Bishop Otto II of Bamberg.
1231 Status as town (civitas) conferred.
1260 Bayreuth is inherited by the Franconian Hohenzollern, i. e. the Burgraves of Nuremberg.
1430 The town is conquered and destroyed by the Hussites.
1533 Margrave Georg establishes the Reformation by a new church order.
1602 Epidemic of the Plague causes the death of more than 1,000 inhabitants.
1603 Margrave Christian transfers the margravial residence from Kulmbach to the Old Palace in Bayreuth.
1632 to
1634
During the Thirty Years' War the town is captured and looted by imperial troops in three consecutive years.
1735 Margrave Friedrich and Margravine Wilhelmina begin their reign.
1748 Opening ceremony of the Margravial Opera House to celebrate the wedding of princess Elisabeth Friederike.
1792 After the resignation of Margrave Alexander, Bayreuth becomes a Prussian province.
1810 Due to Napoleon, Bayreuth becomes part of the Kingdom of Bavaria.
1876 At the first Bayreuth Festival Richard Wagner performs "The Ring of the Nibelungs" three times.
1945 About a third of the town is destroyed by air raids.
1975 Lecturing and research work are taken up at the newly founded Bayreuth University.
1993 Bayreuth is appointed Oberzentrum (administrative and economic centre).
1998 Bayreuth University celebrates the topping-out ceremony of the 6th Faculty for Applied Natural Sciences
1999 Official opening of the new thermal spa "Lohengrin Therme" in Seulbitz.
 2003 Official opening of the Competence Center for New Materials of Northern Bavaria.
 2008 Wolfgang Wagner resigns as the director of the Bayreuth Festival after 58 years. The council of the foundation appoints his two daughters, Katharina Wagner and Eva Wagner-Pasquier to his successors.

 

Municipal area

Altitude 345 m

Area 6,692 ha
of which:

Built-up areas: 26.50 %
Area used for traffic: 9.89 %
Forests, public parks, play and sports grounds: 22.80 %
Agricultural area: 39.41 %
Other areas: 1.40 %

Length of town limits: 62.50 km


1Population

Development of the population:

1871: 17 841
1910: 34 547
1939: 45 028
1946: 55 612
1970: 64 536
1990: 72 345
2011: 72 885

Ninth largest town in Bavaria; fifth largest town in Franconia; largest town in Upper Franconia

Denominations:
Protestant: 51.0 %
Catholic: 27.1 %
Others: 21.9 %

Households: 35.145



Connections by road, rail and air

  • Motorway A 9 Munich-Berlin
  • Motorway A 70 Schweinfurt-Bayreuth
  • Deutsche Bahn AG/German Railway:
    hourly express train service from Nuremberg to Bayreuth and back;
    IC-Stop Nuremberg-Dresden
  • Regional Airport Bayreuth

1Culture, sport and entertainment facilities

Theatres

  • Richard-Wagner-Festival Theatre 1.974 seats
  • Margravial Opera House 487 seats
  • Stadthalle (Civic Hall)
    Großes Haus (Main Hall) 930 seats
    Kleines Haus (Little Theatre) 277 seats
    Balkonsaal (Balcony Hall) 365 seats
  • Studiobühne bayreuth 214 seats
  • Brandenburger Kulturstadl 99 seats

Museums

  • Richard-Wagner-Museum, Haus Wahnfried
    Richard-Wagner-Straße 48
  • Jean-Paul-Museum
    Wahnfriedstraße 1
  • Franz-Liszt-Museum
    Wahnfriedstraße 9
  • Historical Museum
    Kirchplatz 6
  • Museum of Modern Fine Arts
    Maximilianstraße 33
  • German Freemason Museum
    Im Hofgarten 1
  • German Typewriter Museum
    Bernecker Straße 11
  • Environmental Museum (Upper Franconia)
    Kanzleistraße 1
  • Maisel' s Brewery Museum
    Kulmbacher Straße 40
  • Museum of Agricultural Tools and Equipment
    Adolf-Wächter-Straße 17
  • Fire Brigade Museum
    An der Feuerwache 4
  • IWALEWA-Haus, Africa Centre of Bayreuth University
    Wölfelstraße 2
  • Little Poster Museum
    at the Museum of Modern Fine Art
  • Wo Sarazen Art
    Brandenburger Straße 36
  • Archaeological Museum (Historischer Verein Oberfranken)
    Ludwigstraße 25 b
  • Natural Science Museum
    Karolinenreuther Straße 58
  • School Museum
    Richard-Wagner-Gymnasium
    Graserschule
    Wittelsbacherring 9
    Schulstraße 4
  • Bayreuth Fayences (New Palace)
    Ludwigstraße 21

Sports centre

  • Oberfrankenhalle (multi-purpose sports hall) with 3,970 seats
  • Hans Walter Wild Stadium for 20,000 spectators
  • SVB-Indoor Pool 50-m-pool with 8 lanes
  • Ice rink for 4,705 people
  • Triple gym (with facilities for different sports)

1Swimming pools

  • Lohengrin-Therme Bayreuth (thermal spa; officially recognized as water with healing properties)
    Kurpromenade 5
  • Kreuzsteinbad (outdoor swimming pool)
    Universitätsstraße 20
  • Stadtbad (indoor pool including different saunas)
    Kolpingstraße
  • SVB-indoor pool
    Am Sportpark 5
  • Altstadtbad (outdoor swimming pool)
    Fantaisiestraße
  • Freiluftbad (recreational sunbathing areas)
    An der Bürgerreuth

Golf course Rodersberg

  • 18-hole-course
    Am Rodersberg

1Schools, Colleges

  • 1 University of Bayreuth with approx. 11,000 students
  • Academy of Protestant Church Music 
  • 5 grammar schools
  • 2 secondary schools
  • 12 primary schools
  • 6 special schools
  • 26 vocational schools
  • 1 music school
  • 1 international school

1Tourism

  • Beds: 1,800
  • Hotels: 17
  • Guesthouses: 10
  • Sanatories: 2
  • Youth hostel: 1
  • Guests per year approx. 118,000
    overnight stays per year approx. 300,000
    of which were foreigners approx. 15 %

Parks

  • Court Garden (Hofgarten)
  • Park Festival Theater
  • Hermitage (Eremitage)
  • Röhrensee (little animal park)
  • Miedelspark
  • Park Fantaisie

Economy

Number of employees liable to contribute to social security: 42.778 (2012)

Thereof:

  • Agriculture and Forestry, fishing industry < 1 %
  • Manufacturing industry 17 %
  • Mining industry, building trade, energy and water supply  5 %
  • Business, catering and hotel industry, and transport industry 19 %
  • Other manufacturing industry 3 %
  • industry-related services 19 %
  • Public and private services 37 %

Social institutions

  • 5 hospitals 1,851 beds
  • 11 nursing homes 1,114 beds
  • 1 Hospices 10 places
  • 1 Short-term nursing care 26 places
  • 1 Day care 12 places
  • 2 Sheltered housing for the elderly with 17 Two-room-flats and 20 One-room-flats
  • 68 Barrier-free flats equipped with emergency call
  • 3 Housing areas: assisted living
  • 175 Flats of different sizes with service provisions 
  • 45 nursery schools and day nurseries with 2,480 places
  • 1 Remedial Centre
  • Workshop for disabled teenagers and adults with 312 places
  • Homes for children and apprentices with 147 places
  • 87 children' s playgrounds and playing fields

Contact

Information, advice and assistance for municipal and other authorities

  • Stadt Bayreuth
    Neues Rathaus (New Town Hall)
    Luitpoldplatz 13
    Phone: 0049 (0)9 21/25-17 06 or 25-17 07; Fax: 0049 (0)921/25-1305
    Rathaus II
    Dr.-Franz-Straße 6
    Phone: 0049 (0)9 21/25-17 25; Fax: 0049 (0)921/25-15 95
    E-Mail: Poststelle@stadt.bayreuth.de  
  • Bayreuth Marketing & Tourismus GmbH 
    Opernstraße 22
    Phone:0049 (0)9 21/8 85-88; Fax: 09 21/8 85-55
    E-Mail: info@bayreuth-tourismus.de